Short description of the project.
The activity of achieving the scientific evidence of cultural goods belonging to archaeology as a basic synthesis necessary to the contemporary Romanian historiography was and still is deficient at the present time. This activity is unfortunately barely integrated within in the frame of institutions which have attributions and know-how or competences in repertoirizing and researching cultural goods. Regarding repertoirizing and researching fortified churches only individual actions concerning the detailed analysis of a specific monument are to be mentioned until now and perhaps consequently the general view as well as the dissemination towards a large public of the data achieved and obtained from archaeological, field and history of arts researches had to suffer. In most if not all cases information is presented scantily and lacking publication space is a constant worry.
Information is reported in black and white and no direct identification links in the research field are given, that is why we consider as necessary creating a centralized database that also includes ruin-monuments or monuments which are less known even by specialists. For each of them, it is essential and crucial that a team travels to mark with the help of a GPS device the location of each ecclesiastical monument belonging to the fortified churches in the southern Transylvania. These data will be correlated to the known data, to the bibliography of the monument, to the objects / items still owned by the particular monument, or to the information deposited in the Lutheran churches of Sibiu, Cristian, Mediaş or Biertan. The data must be easy to get to and available in real time and permit an unproblematic identification of the site and of the monument by non-specialists. Over the time several approaches in this direction emerged: from the researches of Treiber in the former first half of the 20th century to the investigations made by Virgil Vatasianu, and to the latest published syntheses (Hermann Fabini, Atlas der siebenbürgisch-sächsischen Kirchenburgen und Dorfkirchen, vol. I, Sibiu, 1998) * * * 800 de ani Biserica a germanilor din Transilvania (sic!), ed. Th. Nägler, Thaur bei Innsbruck.
Generally the research of the medieval art and specially the research of Romanesque architecture using virtual reality and 3D graphic represent a new way broach. There are a lot of studies and 3D reconstruction applications for Europe; here we give several examples of researches which use virtual reality and augmented reality in the field of cultural heritage, for example the projects: ARCO (Augmented Representation of Cultural Objects - http://www.arco-web.org/ ), ARCHEOGUIDE (Augmented Reality-based Cultural Heritage On-site GUIDE - http://www.archeoguide.intranet.gr/), Ename 974 (http://www.ename974.org/), VOP (Virtual Old Prague - http://www.cgg.cvut.cz/vsp/) etc.
In Romania there are not researches in the field of medieval architecture and archaeology from point of view of the virtual reality. In this project we want to present through the importance and the necessity of virtual reality application and 3D graphic application in medieval architecture. Unfortunately, in Romania the virtual reality technology is in the beginning. In this way there is fewer studies which combine results of medieval archaeology researches and 3D reconstructions: M. E. Cringaci Tiplic, Z. K. Pinter, M. White, Virtual Reality Reconstruction and Interpretation of the Romanic Rotunda and Medieval Timber and Earthkwork from Orastie (Broos), in Zeitschrift fur Siebenburgische Landeskunde, 30 /1, 2007, ISSN, 0344-3418, p. 1-6. M. E. Cringaci Tiplic, M. White, A Virtual Reconstruction of the two Romanic Churches From South of Transylvania. Case Studies at Cisnadioara and Sura Mica Churches, in Acta Terrae Septemcastrensis, VI, 2007 (http://arheologie.ulbsibiu.ro/membri/maria/orastie virtual.htm). The achievement of the virtual reconstruction was possible thanks to Marie Curie Training Site for Computer Graphics and Virtual Reality (MAVRIC) located in the Centre for VLSI and Computer Graphics, Department of Informatics, University of Sussex (UK).